Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed

Reuters | Pete Schroeder | Jan 14, 2019

federal reserve bank president james bullard - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the FedThe Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) are exploring granting federal bank-like licenses to tech-driven firms that offer financial services, such as money transfers and lending.

The plan is part of a broader push by President Donald Trump’s administration to boost small businesses and promote job growth.

Federal licenses would allow fintech firms, which currently operate under a patchwork of state rules, to reduce their regulatory costs and expand into new regions and products.

However, fintech firms say they are reluctant to invest heavily in nationwide expansion without access to the payment systems, settlement services, and other Fed tools and the central bank has yet to decide whether to let those lightly-regulated players in.

Many Fed officials fear these firms lack robust risk-management controls and consumer protections that banks have in place.

See:  MoF Consultation (Deadline Feb 11): Department of Finance Canada Launches Consultations on Open Banking

“They probably do want access to the payments system, but they don’t want the regulation that would come with that access,” St. Louis Fed President James Bullard told Reuters in November. “I am concerned that fintech will be the source of the next crisis,” he added.

Companies such as PayPal (PYPL.O) and LendingClub Corp(LC.N) have attracted millions of customers by offering greater convenience or better prices than traditional banks. The OCC and the FDIC say such firms can broaden access to financial services because their low-cost models allow them to reach poorly served areas and offer small loans that are uneconomical for bigger banks.

But some fintech firms say they would be reluctant to invest the time and resources in applying for and maintaining the new OCC fintech license unless the Fed gives them access to the payments system, so they will not have to depend on banks to route money for them. Direct access would eliminate bank routing fees, a top-five operating cost for many fintech firms, and would allow them to compete more effectively with traditional lenders.

“It’s hard to know if it’s worthwhile applying if you don’t know what access you’d have to the Fed services,” said Jason Oxman, CEO of the Electronic Transactions Association, which represents fintechs and banks. “It would be helpful for the Fed to clarify.”

Banks are pushing back, arguing fintech firms should access the Fed system only if they comply with the same rules banks face.

”You don’t want a new charter that skirts existing rules and regulations and call that innovation,” said Paul Merski, executive vice president for the Independent Community Bankers of America.

Unveiled in July, the OCC special charter allows fintechs to operate nationwide under a single license, provided they satisfy some liquidity, capital and contingency planning requirements.

See:  UK banks publish fintech collaboration toolkit

Currently, state regulators that oversee fintechs focus primarily on consumer protections, such as capping interest rates on lending products, privacy safeguards, and preventing unfair or deceptive practices. Some states may also require firms to comply with anti-money laundering rules, submit business plans or allow onsite examinations.

By comparison, nearly every aspect of banks’ operations is subject to rigorous scrutiny and multiple federal and state laws. These include a host of capital and liquidity requirements, operational risk, cyber risk, vendor risk, anti-money laundering and bank secrecy rules, fair lending and anti-discrimination lending laws.

The OCC fintech charter does not permit companies to collect federally insured deposits, now a precondition for accessing the Fed’s payment system.

RAPID GROWTH

In private meetings, Fed officials in Washington are divided on the issue, with many reluctant to offer any reassurances or even guidance on how fintechs should proceed, said fintech executives.

“It’s not a two-way street, it’s a one-way radio channel right now,” said Sam Taussig, Atlanta-based Kabbage’s head of global policy, of communication with the Fed. “We don’t know what’s going on.”

Some officials are unsettled by the rapid growth of fintech firms, which half of U.S. consumers now use to transfer money, according to consultancy EY.

From 2010 to 2017, more than 3,330 new fintech firms were created, according to the Treasury, with financing for such firms soaring thirteen-fold over that period to $22 billion.

See:  Synergy and disruption: Ten trends shaping fintech

Officials worry these young players favor growth over risk-management and regulatory know-how – a concern exacerbated this month when fintech Robinhood mistakenly claimed its new checking and savings accounts were federally insured.

“Atlanta’s trying to be a fintech hub, so I get the opportunity to talk to a lot of entrepreneurs in this space,” said Atlanta Fed President Raphael Bostic at a banking conference late last year. “Almost none of them has risk at the top of what they’re thinking about, and that makes me nervous.”

Continue to the full article --> here


NCFA Jan 2018 resize - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed The National Crowdfunding & Fintech Association (NCFA Canada) is a financial innovation ecosystem that provides education, market intelligence, industry stewardship, networking and funding opportunities and services to thousands of community members and works closely with industry, government, partners and affiliates to create a vibrant and innovative fintech and funding industry in Canada. Decentralized and distributed, NCFA is engaged with global stakeholders and helps incubate projects and investment in fintech, alternative finance, crowdfunding, peer-to-peer finance, payments, digital assets and tokens, blockchain, cryptocurrency, regtech, and insurtech sectors. Join Canada's Fintech & Funding Community today FREE! Or become a contributing member and get perks. For more information, please visit: www.ncfacanada.org

Latest news - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the FedFF Logo 400 v3 - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fedcommunity social impact - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed

CONGRATULATIONS TO THE 2020 FINTECH DRAFT PITCHING AND DEMO COMPANY WINNERS!



FFCON20 Pitching and Demo Winners - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed



NCFA COVID 19 letter to government to support Fintechs and SMEs - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed

NCFA Newsletter subscribe600 - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed

AltFi | Daniel Lanyon | Nov 20, 2020 A boom in business banking has helped boost Starling Bank’s coffers. Strong momentum in new customer accounts and increasing revenues have prompted digital bank Starling to break even, according to a trading update for the three months to 31 October. Starling Bank, which was launched by Anne Boden five years ago, is the first ‘neo-bank’ to reach this milestone, the company said. In October Starling hit 1.42 million retail accounts compared to 827k, an increase of 71.7 per cent. Over the same period business accounts were the standout growth area with an increase of 245 per cent, from 74,000 to 256,000. Business accounts saw a 500 per cent increase in total deposits with the average amount held by SMEs also going up. Starling now has total customer deposits of c.£4bn. This has all helped Starling generate a positive operating profit of £0.8m for the month of October 2020, which represents £10.1m on an annualised basis. See:  Neobanks Can’t Fight the COVID-19 “Flight to Quality” Investment Crowdfunding Advocates Join to Launch New Fintech Startup GUARDD in Move to Boost Secondary Markets for Exempt Securities In total Starling generated total operating income of £9m for the month of October 2020. This, it adds, translates to an annualised revenue ...
Read More
starling bank - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed
Crowdfund Insider | JD Alois | Nov 24, 2020 The exempt securities marketplace can be arcane and challenging to manage for entrepreneurs seeking to raise capital. The advent of online capital formation has helped to democratize access to capital as well as streamline securities offerings but hurdles do remain. A new startup co-founded by several prominent names in the investment crowdfunding industry seeks to facilitate secondary transactions for private securities. Sherwood “Woodie” Neiss, co-founder of Crowdfund Capital Advisors, Doug Ellenoff, Managing Partner of Manhattan law firm of Ellenoff, Grossman, and Schole, and Jim Dowd, founder and CEO of North Capital Private Securities, have joined to launch GUARDD:  A Fintech designed to support secondary market trading for private company securities, including digital assets/tokens to facilitate compliance with both federal transparency requirements and state blue sky laws. According to a note from the company, GUARDD enables the necessary disclosure and dissemination of private company information for investors, regulators, and market participants.  This allows issuers to comply with federal and state financial disclosure requirements related to the trading of private company securities in secondary markets, thus addressing a challenge regarding exempt securities that tend to be illiquid. Overall, more liquidity can help price discovery ...
Read More
Sherwood Neiss and Doug Ellenoff - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed
Paul | Weiss | Nov 18, 2020 China’s competition regulator, the State Administration for Market Regulation (“SAMR”), issued a consultation draft of the Anti-Monopoly Guidelines on the Sector of Platform Economies (the “Draft Guidelines”) on November 10, 2020. This marks China’s first major step in formulating a comprehensive regime to regulate competition among platform businesses operated on the Internet (the “Platform Economy”) and signals SAMR’s changed regulatory priorities with a focus on anti-competitive behavior in the Platform Economy. The Draft Guidelines attempt to address perceived shortcomings in applying traditional antitrust analysis to the Platform Economy. SAMR has drawn upon the experience of regulators and academics in this emerging area and attempted to consolidate the lessons learnt in various jurisdictions. The Draft Guidelines set out in detail the considerations that may be taken into account and the defenses that may be available, providing some guidance to platform businesses on how to achieve compliance. See:  China Stops Jack Ma’s $35 Billion Ant IPO From Going Ahead DOJ files antitrust lawesuit challenging Visa’s $5.3 billion acquisition of Plaid While the Draft Guidelines are brief in length, only 23 provisions in total, they are wide‑ranging in their scope. Rather than an exhaustive review of ...
Read More
Antitrust - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed
The New York Times | Steven Lee Myers and Keith Bradsher | Nov 24, 2020 China’s leader, Xi Jinping, is pursuing a strategy to make the country’s economy more self-sufficient, while making other places more dependent on it than ever. After Australia dared last spring to call for an investigation into the origins of the coronavirus, China began quietly blocking one import after another from Australia — coal, wine, barley and cotton — in violation of free-trade norms. Then this month, with no clear explanation, China left $3 million worth of Australian rock lobsters dying in Shanghai customs. Australia nonetheless joined 14 Asian nations and just signed a new regional free-trade deal brokered by China. The agreement covers nearly a third of the world’s population and output, reinforcing China’s position as the dominant economic and diplomatic power in Asia. See:  What to expect from Biden-Harris on tech policy, platform regulation, and China It’s globalization with Communist characteristics: The Chinese government promotes the country’s openness to the world, even as it adopts increasingly aggressive and at times punitive policies that force countries to play by its rules. With the United States and others wary of its growing dominance in areas like ...
Read More
xi jingping global politics - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed
Gowling WLG | Tara Amiri-Khaledi | Nov 24, 2020 As an entrepreneur trying to get your business off the ground, there are many factors to think about and the legal "stuff" may easily be forgotten. In this article, we touch on the top 5 considerations entrepreneurs need to think about when starting out. Term Sheets Once you have structured your business, you will have your idea tested (hopefully) and you will need capital. One typical way is to look for parties that will invest in start-ups such as angel or venture capital investors ("VC"). At this point, you will hear the term "Term Sheet" a lot. See:  Debt vs. Equity Financing: Pros And Cons For Entrepreneurs 7 Types of Investors to Avoid Like The Plague When Trying To Raise Capital For Your Startup Convertible Debt vs. Equity: Which Is Right for Your Startup? At its simplest form a term sheet is a summary big picture document of key terms agreed upon between the entrepreneur and the VC in contemplation of a financing and will cover, at a minimum, "economics issues" (valuation of the company, i.e. how much money for what percentage of the company) and "control issues" (who will run ...
Read More
Entrepreneurs and startups - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed
Bloomberg | Katie Roof and Scott Deveau | Nov 24, 2020 Private financial technology business Stripe Inc. is in talks to raise a new funding round valuing it higher than its last private valuation of $36 billion, according to people familiar with the matter. The valuation being discussed could be more than $70 billion or significantly higher, at as much as $100 billion, said one of the people, who asked not be identified because the matter is private. That would make it currently the most valuable venture-backed startup in the U.S., according to CB Insights. Stripe’s software, which competes with Square Inc. and Paypal Holdings Inc., is used by businesses to accept payments. According to its website, Stripe’s customers include Amazon.com Inc., Salesforce.com Inc., Lyft Inc. and Instacart Inc. See:  Lightspeed and Stripe Partner to Launch New Payments Feature Stripe, the world’s most valuable private fintech company, is getting into lending The company has benefited during the pandemic with more shoppers turning to e-commerce. It’s gone on offense during the downturn this year, starting a card-issuing service for U.S. clients and agreeing to acquire a Nigerian startup to expand in Africa. Brother Founders Irish brothers John and Patrick Collison founded Stripe ...
Read More
stripe founders John and patrick - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed
Mayer Brown | Paul Forrester | Nov 18, 2020 In its recent report “Holistic Review of the March Market Turmoil” (Report), the Financial Stability Board (FSB) notes that “[t]he March [2020] turmoil has reinforced the need to better understand interconnections and amplification channels in the financial system and to consider the nature of vulnerabilities in non-bank financial intermediation (NBFI) in relation to the liquidity stress and the implications of central bank liquidity support, and draw lessons about overall resilience of the NBFI sector.”1 The Report also notes the need “for further work to increase the resilience of NBFI.”2 The Report also notes that “non-bank financial entities – comprising investment funds, insurance companies, pension funds and other financial intermediaries – have different structures and are subject to distinct regulatory frameworks within and across jurisdictions. Their asset share has increased to almost half of global financial assets, compared to 42% in 2008, due to both inflows and valuation increases. One factor behind this increase has been the growth of investment funds, whose assets have expanded from roughly US$21 trillion in 2008 to US$53 trillion in 2018.”3 See:  OSFI launches consultation on technology risks in the financial sector (Deadline: Dec 15) The Report ...
Read More
FSB holistic report on march turmoil - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed
GSMA | Nov 25, 2020 GROWING AND GLOBALISING 2019 marked a major milestone for the mobile money industry: the number of registered mobile money accounts surpassed one billion. Reaching the one billion mark is a tremendous achievement for an industry that is just over a decade old. The mobile money industry of today has a host of seasoned providers with a broad set of operational capabilities, a full suite of products and a global reach. With 290 live services in 95 countries and 372 million active accounts, mobile money is entering the mainstream and becoming the path to financial inclusion in most low-income countries. See:  Task Force Analyzes Role of Fintech in Accelerating SDGs Mobile money services are available in 96 per cent of countries where less than a third of the population have an account at a formal financial institution. INCREASING USER TRUST AND RELEVANCE Overall growth in transaction values has been impressive in the past 12 months. Total transaction values grew by 20 per cent, reaching $690 billion in 2019, which means the industry is now processing close to $2 billion a day (over $1.9 billion). This growth and scale is a positive signal for the industry as ...
Read More
GSMA state of industry report mobile money 2019 - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed
Silicon Public | Lisa Ardill | Nov 24, 2020 Learn how to kickstart your career in fintech and what to expect of the field from people working in it, from software developers to blockchain engineers. Wondering what it takes to carve out a career in fintech? It’s an industry going from strength to strength with plenty of choice. You can opt to work for a specialised firm, such as Revolut or Stripe, or in-house at wider companies like Accenture or Aon. And there are plenty of jobs up for grabs in the sector. Recent announcements across the island of Ireland include Transact’s 110 jobs for Limerick, Overstock’s plans for a new tech team in Sligo and Lightyear’s expansion in Belfast. If you’re hoping to take your own career down a fintech route, read on to learn from others in the industry. Who can pursue a career in fintech? As with any field today, it takes a village to make fintech work – and a diverse one, at that. Danny Buckley of EY, for example, started out in law before switching paths. See:  AI Will Transform 500 Million White-Collar Jobs In 5 Years; Silicon Valley Must Help He’s now the company’s ...
Read More
Fintech jobs in canada - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed
Financial News  | Will Hadfield and Emily Nicolle | Nov 20, 2020 There is now 'a greater urgency by institutional investors to not miss out — to invest some of their assets in bitcoin, because this time looks different' It may be hedge funds, rather than retail investors, that are driving this autumn’s rally in the price of bitcoin. And this time round, the institutional investors are buying exchange-traded products as well as the underlying cryptocurrency. A bitcoin ETP managed by Swiss issuer 21Shares is receiving creations — the equivalent of inflows — of as much as $3 million a day. In November last year, it took all month to attract the same amount of new money. See:  Canada’s first public Bitcoin fund hits $100M mark Investors in bitcoin ETPs are overwhelmingly institutions, rather than individuals. “This is purely us targeting institutional investors,” Laurent Kssis, managing director at 21Shares, told Financial News. “Our business is focused solely on institutional investors’ mandate to add crypto to their portfolio strategies and we have not really touched the retail market yet.” Many institutional investors sat on the sidelines when bitcoin experienced its first dramatic rally in 2017 — the cryptocurrency surged to $19,783 before collapsing ...
Read More
cryptocurrencies in 2020 - Fintech firms want to shake up banking, and that worries the Fed