Global fintech and funding innovation ecosystem

What are construction loans and how do they work?

Guest Post | Sep 16, 2021

how do construction loans work - What are construction loans and how do they work?

Image: Pixabay

A construction loan is a kind of short-term financing provided by a bank that is used to finance the purchase of a new house or other real estate projects. A conventional mortgage, also known as a permanent loan, can assist you in purchasing an existing home. A construction loan, on the other hand, may be useful if you need to build a new home from the ground up, particularly if you also need to buy the raw land. Check out for more information on construction loans.

 How Do Home Improvement Loans Work?

If you are thinking of constructing a house, you are probably thinking about a piece of land or a newly built community. As a result, most construction loans cover both the cost of the land and the cost of the building.

Because of this additional complexity, building loans need greater lender participation than conventional house loans. Lenders will want to examine your construction plans, including an anticipated timeline and budget. These strategies will assist you in determining how much money you need for the loan.

Once you have obtained a loan, the lender will pay the builder at regular intervals following each step of development. The payment frequency is arranged into a drawn plan that you, the lender, and the builder agree on. Before releasing further funds, the lender typically checks on the progress of construction at each planned stage.

You only make interest payments until the construction is finished. Repayment of the initial loan amount does not commence until the house is finished. These loan payments are handled in the same way as regular mortgage installments, with monthly installments based on an amortization schedule.

Home Construction Loans Come in a Number of Varieties

Construction loans are classified into two types

Stand-alone construction loans and construction-to-permanent loans. While the cost of the land is often included in both kinds of construction loans, this is not always the case. Make sure you understand what expenditures a lender is prepared to fund and how the origination process would function if you worked with them.

1. Stand-alone construction loan

If you accept a stand-alone loan, you will ultimately require a separate mortgage loan after the work is finished. The lender provides the initial loan as a construction advance, and you only pay interest during this period. After the home is completed, you will repay the construction loan with a conventional mortgage.

See:  Fintech Fridays EP43: Taking the Mortgage Process From 40 Days to Minutes

If you can only afford a modest down payment, or if you already own a house and want to sell it later, a stand-alone loan enables you to put additional money down when you sell. However, since you do not have the opportunity to lock in a mortgage rate while you have the stand-alone loan, you may wind up with higher rates when the time comes to obtain a mortgage.

2. Construction-to-permanent loan

This is a loan that combines the construction loan with a regular mortgage, so you do not have to refinance or go through another closing procedure after construction. Following construction, the lender turns the construction loan into a mortgage.

You may get a fixed-rate or adjustable-rate loan with a duration of 15 or 30 years, just as with any other mortgage. You may also lock in a cheaper interest rate from the start with construction-to-permanent financing. Construction-to-permanent loans are more convenient than stand-alone loans, although they typically demand a 20% or higher down payment.

How do you apply for a construction loan?

Is it more difficult to get a construction loan? Yes, building loans are more difficult to get than traditional mortgages. Most lenders consider construction loans risky (since there is no asset to back the loan), so if you decide to apply, you will face some stringent criteria. Many lenders demand the following for a construction loan.

Down payment

To get a construction loan, you must make a down payment of 20% or more of the entire project cost. This implies you will have to be ready to start the project with your own money or assets before a lender would agree to give you more. If you already own the land, for example, you may be allowed to use it toward the down payment amount.

Discuss this with your lender

The size of your down payment will be determined by the cost of your project, the land, and what you want to do with the money. Lenders need large down payments to ensure that you are invested in the project and will not disappear if anything goes wrong during development.

Strong personal credit

When applying for a construction loan, you will be required to furnish the lender with your personal credit history, even if you are applying as a small company. The lender will almost certainly request your personal FICO score as well as your company credit history.

Financial documents

A potential lender will often examine your current and previous debt and payment history, as well as any other loans or liens on your property. You will be required to submit financial statements, tax records, and evidence of other assets whether the loan is for your personal house or a small company building project.

Good reputation

Whether you are the builder or dealing with one, be aware that the lender will look at the builder's reputation. Any publicly available information may be used to make this decision, including vendor and subcontractor reviews, internet reviews, and prior work history.


NCFA Jan 2018 resize - What are construction loans and how do they work? The National Crowdfunding & Fintech Association (NCFA Canada) is a financial innovation ecosystem that provides education, market intelligence, industry stewardship, networking and funding opportunities and services to thousands of community members and works closely with industry, government, partners and affiliates to create a vibrant and innovative fintech and funding industry in Canada. Decentralized and distributed, NCFA is engaged with global stakeholders and helps incubate projects and investment in fintech, alternative finance, crowdfunding, peer-to-peer finance, payments, digital assets and tokens, blockchain, cryptocurrency, regtech, and insurtech sectors. Join Canada's Fintech & Funding Community today FREE! Or become a contributing member and get perks. For more information, please visit:

Latest news - What are construction loans and how do they work?FF Logo 400 v3 - What are construction loans and how do they work?community social impact - What are construction loans and how do they work?

Support NCFA by Following us on Twitter!

NCFA Sign up for our newsletter - What are construction loans and how do they work?


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

six − 4 =